Maharishi Vedic Science

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Three Gunas
In chapter 2, verse 45 of the Bhagavad-Gita, Arjuna is advised:   "...Be without the three gunas, O Arjuna, freed from duality, ever firm in purity, independent of possessions, possessed of the Self."   "Lord Krishna’s admonition to be without the three gunas may seem obscure at first glance, but it is highly significant to our consideration of Yoga. In the Vedic understanding, the three gunas are the most fundamental forces in nature, responsible for everything that takes place in our lives and in our environment.   "Indeed, the whole universe is said to emerge from their interplay. Be without the three gunas, therefore, advises Arjuna to go beyond the material universe, to something that is more fundamental than even these most basic laws of nature."   -- Sands, William F., Maharishi's Yoga: The Royal Path to Enlightenment, Maharishi University of Management Press, c2013, ISBN: 978-0-923569-48-8,     "Ayurvedic Recommendations for Purity of Life   "Through centuries of observing both cosmic and human behavior, ancient ayurvedic healers defined three basic gunas or qualities that influence everything that happens in the macrocosm of the universe or the microcosm of our minds. It's the quantity of these three gunas — Sattva, Rajas and Tamas — that ayurvedic healers believed can create or destroy harmony in our lives:   "Sattva is the most superior of all gunas. Sattva in the universe is responsible for creation. Inside our own self, it gives us the ability to visualize well, think right, do good and act in accordance with the laws of nature.   "Rajas stands for action. In cosmic terms, Rajas is responsible for maintenance and nurturing of what has been created. In human beings, the Rajasic guna or quality means giving a concrete shape to dreams, being motivated and taking action. Excess of Rajas, however, leads to an unsettled and perpetually restless mind.   "Tamas supplies us with the ability to finish or complete what was generated by Sattva and Rajas. In the context of the Universe, Tamas stands for destruction. While some may see Tamas as a negative guna, ayurvedic philosophy says Tamas has its own role in the scheme of things. It weans us from the old and the lifeless, urging us to move on and invest in that which is still alive."   -- See more at:
Broader Term
Bhagavad Gita
Narrower Term
Rajas (Maintenance operator)
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